What is covered in a standard home inspection




  • Roof-covering materials;                                          

  • Gutters;

  • Downspouts;

  • Vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof             penetrations;

  • General structure of roof via accessible panels, doors           or stairs;

  • Exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim;

  • Exterior doors;

  • Adjacent walkways and driveways;

  • Stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps;

  • Porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports;

  • Railings, guards and handrails;

  • Eaves, soffits and fascia;

  • A representative number of windows;

  • Vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and property grading, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion.



  • Foundation;                                                         

  • Basement;

  • Crawlspace;

  • Structural components.​


  • The heating system using normal operating controls.


  • Cooling system using normal operating controls.


  • Main water supply shut-off valve;

  • Main fuel supply shut-off valve;

  • Water heating equipment, including energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and bracing;

  • Interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water;

  • Toilets for proper operation by flushing;

  • Sinks, tubs, and showers for functional drainage;

  • Drain, waste and vent system;

  • Drainage sump pumps with accessible floats.


  • Service drop;

  • Overhead service conductors and attachment point;

  • Service head, gooseneck and drip loops;

  • Service mast, service conduit, and raceway;

  • Electric meter and base;

  • Service-entrance conductors;

  • Main service disconnect;

  • Panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses);

  • Service grounding and bonding;

  • A representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles using circuit tester where possible;

  • All ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester where possible;

  • Smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors.


  • Readily accessible and visible portions of the fireplaces and chimneys;

  • Lintels above the fireplace openings;

  • Damper doors by opening and closing them, if readily accessible and manually operable;

  • Cleanout doors and frames.

8. ATTIC, INSULATION & VENTILATION                        

  • Insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces, and foundation areas;

  • Ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces, and foundation areas;

  • Mechanical exhaust systems in kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area.


  • A representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them;

  • Floors, walls, and ceilings;

  • Stairs, steps, landings, stairways, and ramps;

  • Railings, guards, and handrails;

  • Garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage door openers, using normal operating controls.

This is an illustration of the different items that are included in a home inspection.
  • Pioneer Home Inspectors
  • Pioneer Home Inspectors